Caseinolytic protease P (ClpP) is a tetradecameric peptidase which assembles with chaperones such as ClpX to gain proteolytic activity. Acyldepsipeptides (ADEPs) represent small molecule mimics of ClpX, which bind into hydrophobic pockets on the apical site of the complex and thereby induce activation of ClpP. Detection of ClpP has so far been facilitated with active site directed probes which depend on the activity and oligomeric state of the complex. In order to expand the scope of ClpP labeling, we here introduce a stepwise synthetic approach to customized ADEP photoprobes. Structure‐activity relationship studies with small fragments and ADEP derivatives paired with modeling studies revealed design principles of suitable probe molecules. The derivatives were tested for activation of ClpP and subsequently applied in labeling studies of the wild type peptidase as well as enzymes bearing mutations at the active site and an oligomerization sensor. Satisfyingly, the ADEP photoprobes provided a labeling readout of ClpP independent of its activity and oligomeric state.
Eyermann, B., Meixner, M., Brötz-Oesterhelt, H., Antes, I., Sieber, S.A., "Acyldepsipeptide probes facilitate specific detection of caseinolytic protease P independent of its oligomeric and activity state", ChemBioChem 2019, accepted
Reproduced with permission.