The ClpXP machinery is a two component protease complex performing targeted protein degradation in bacteria and eukaryotes. The complex consists of the AAA+ chaperone ClpX and the peptidase ClpP. The hexameric ClpX utilizes the energy of ATP binding and hydrolysis to engage, unfold and translocate substrates into the catalytic chamber of tetradecameric ClpP where they are degraded. Formation of the complex involves a symmetry mismatch, since hexameric AAA+ rings bind axially to the opposing stacked heptameric rings of the tetradecameric ClpP. Here we present the first high-resolution cryo-EM structure of ClpXP from Listeria monocytogenes. We unravel the heptamer-hexamer binding interface and provide novel insights into the ClpX-ClpP crosstalk and activation mechanism. The comparison with available crystal structures of ClpP and ClpX in different states allows us to understand important aspects of ClpXP’s complex mode of action and provides a structural framework for future pharmacological applications.
Gatsogiannis, C.*, Balogh, D.*, Merino, F., Sieber, S.A., Raunser, S., "Cryo-EM structure of the ClpXP protein degradation machinery", accepted
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